The Household Income Survey (HIS) is one of the surveys carried out by the Departments of Statistics, Malaysia. This survey was first conducted in 1973 and then been carried out twice in every five years, that is, two surveys within each Malaysia Development Plan period. The main objectives of the HIS are to measure the economic well-being of the population; collect information on income distribution pattern of household classified by various socio-economic characteristics and provide the base data for the calculation of the Poverty Line Income (PLI). Household income and poverty statistics are used for policy formulation and development planning particularly for the poverty eradication programmes and strategies for distribution of income. The statistics provided were referred from Post Enumeration Surveys, Agriculture Census, Household Income Surveys and statistical compilations.

Time Series of Household Income, Poverty and Household Expenditure Statistics, 1970-2019

Household Income
Table 1 - Number of households by ethnic group, strata and state, Malaysia, 1995 - 2019
Table 2 - Percentage distribution of households by income class, Malaysia, 1970 - 2019
Table 3 - Mean of monthly household gross income by ethnic group, strata and state, Malaysia, 1970 - 2019
Table 4 - Median monthly household gross income by ethnic group, strata and state, Malaysia, 1970-2019
Table 5 - Income share of household group by income, ethnic group and strata, Malaysia, 1970 - 2019
Table 6 - Mean of monthly household gross income of household group by ethnic group and strata, Malaysia, 1970 - 2019
Table 7 - Median of monthly household gross income of household group by ethnic group and strata, Malaysia, 1974 - 2019
Poverty
Table 8 - Incidence of absolute poverty by ethnic group, strata and state, Malaysia, 1970 - 2019
Table 9 - Incidence of relative poverty by ethnic group, strata and state, Malaysia, 1995 - 2019
Table 10 - Incidence of hardcore poverty by ethnic group, strata and state, Malaysia, 1984-2014
Table 11 - Gini coefficient by ethnic group, strata and state, Malaysia, 1970 - 2019
Household Expenditure
Table 1 - Time series of median and mean monthly household consumption expenditure by state, Malaysia, 2004-2019
Table 2 - Time series of mean monthly household consumption expenditure, Malaysia, 1993-2019
Table 3 - Time series of percentage of monthly household consumption expenditure, Malaysia, 1993-2019

If you have any inquiries regarding the above data, please contact :

Equity Development Division
Economic Planning Unit

Prime Minister's Department
Level 5, Setia Perdana 5, Setia Perdana Complex,
Federal Government Administrative Centre
62502 Putrajaya